Beijing 2022; Video: Beijing 2022 Uncovers The Secret of Ice Making

Beijing 2022 Inside Stories today uncovers ‘The Secret of Ice Making’ at Wukesong Sports Centre, Beijing 2008’s basketball venue and one of Beijing 2022’s two ice hockey venues. It’s also China’s very first basketball and ice hockey dual arena and one of the most popular pop concert venues in the country.


Video by Beijing 2022 on YouTube

Rio 2016; Thesis: Distributive justice and transportation equity: inequality in accessibility in Rio de Janeiro (Rafael Henrique Moraes Pereira)

Photo: Martijn Giebels / Architecture of the Games



Public transport policies play a key role in shaping the social and spatial structure of cities. These policies influence how easily people can access opportunities, including health and educational services and job positions. The accessibility impacts of transport policies thus have important implications for social inequalities and for the promotion of just and inclusive cities. However, in the transportation literature, there is still little theoretically informed understanding of justice and what it means in the context of transport policies. Moreover, few studies have moved beyond descriptive analyses of accessibility inequalities to evaluate how much those inequalities result from transport policies themselves. This is particularly true in cities from the global South, where accessibility and equity have so far remained marginal concerns in the policy realm.

This thesis builds on theories of distributive justice and examines how they can guide the evaluation of transport policies and plans. It points to pathways for rigorous assessment of the accessibility impacts of transport policies and it contributes to current discussions on transportation equity. A justice framework is developed to assess the distributional effects of transport policies. This framework is then applied to evaluate recent transport policies developed in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) in preparation to host sports mega-events, such as the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games, which included substantial expansion of the rail and Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) infrastructure. This research presents ex-post analyses of the policies implemented between 2014 and 2017 and ex-ante analysis of an as yet unfinished BRT project. It evaluates how the planned transport legacy of those mega-events impacted accessibility to sports venues, healthcare facilities, public schools and job opportunities for different income groups.

The results show that there were overall accessibility benefits from the expansion in transport infrastructure between 2014 and 2017, but these were generally offset by the reduction in bus service levels that followed an economic crisis that hit the city after the Olympics. Quasi-counterfactual analysis suggests that, even if the city had not been hit by the economic crisis, recent transport investments related to mega-events would have led to higher accessibility gains for wealthier groups and increased inequalities in access to opportunities. Results suggest that those investments had, or would have had, greater impact on inequalities of access to jobs than in access to schools and healthcare facilities. The evaluation of the future accessibility impacts of the unfinished BRT corridor, nonetheless, indicates that such project could significantly improve access to job opportunities for a large share of Rio’s population, particularly lower-income groups. Spatial analysis techniques show that the magnitude and statistical significance of these results depend on the spatial scale and travel time threshold selected for cumulative opportunity accessibility analysis. These results demonstrate that the ad-hoc methodological choices of accessibility analysis commonly used in the academic and policy literature can change the conclusions of equity assessments of transportation projects.


Pereira, R. H. M. (2018). Distributive justice and transportation equity: inequality in accessibility in Rio de Janeiro (PhD thesis). University of Oxford.


You can read/download this thesis here.

London 2012; Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park update (November 2018)

21 Modular workspaces were placed on the structure of Here East, the former IBC at the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park:


The V&A unveiled plans for two new sites in the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park:

Beijing 2022: Press release: Beijing 2022 Sets Up Coordination Committee to Ensure Lasting Games Legacy

Beijing 2022 Sets Up Coordination Committee to Ensure Lasting Games Legacy

To ensure that the Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games Beijing 2022 bring long-lasting benefits to the citizens of China, the Beijing 2022 Legacy Coordination Committee was formed today at an inaugural ceremony and plenary session at the Beijing 2022 Headquarters in the Shougang Industrial Park on 1 November 2018.

The legacy governance structure was established to define who is responsible for delivering each legacy project before, during and after the Games, making Beijing 2022 the first Games to deliver a legacy plan in line with the IOC’s Strategic Legacy Approach.

Beijing 2022 will aim at creating abundant new legacies from the 2022 Games, while enhancing the legacies from the Beijing 2008 Games, promoting the sport, economic, social, cultural, environmental, urban and regional development in China.

The Legacy Coordination Committee is the deliberative and decision-making body for the legacy work of the Games. It will coordinate the internal and external legacy efforts related to Beijing 2022, by reviewing and advancing key plans and their relevant policies.

The Legacy Coordination Committee therefore includes such member entities as the General Administration of Sport of China, the China Disabled Persons’ Federation, the Beijing Olympic City Development Association (BODA), and Hebei Office for the Winter Olympics, as well as entities such as relevant ministries and commissions of the State, relevant government departments of Beijing Municipality, Hebei Province and Zhangjiakou City, and all departments (centres) of Beijing 2022.

At the inauguration ceremony, Mr. Zhang Jiandong, Vice Mayor of Beijing, Executive Vice President of Beijing 2022, and Chairman of the Legacy Coordination Commission emphasised that President Xi Jinping had given important instructions on the legacy efforts, and the IOC and IPC also specifically required that the Games leave positive legacies to China.

Others present at the meeting included Secretary General of Beijing 2022 and Executive Deputy Director of the Legacy Coordination Commission, Ms. Han Zirong, the Deputy Secretary General of Beijing 2022, the Deputy Director of the Legacy Coordination Commission, and representatives of relevant government agencies, Beijing 2022, the Beijing Municipal Government and the Hebei Provincial Government.

The legacy plan for the Olympic Winter Games Beijing 2022 will be revealed later this month.

Source: Beijing Organising Committee for the 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games

London 2012; Hackney Wick Station (rebuilt)

Photo: AotG

Hackney Wick station was a transport point for the London 2012 Olympics Games. Between Spring 2017 and May 2018 the station was rebuilt and modernised.

Client: Network Rail and London Legacy Development Corporation
Design: Landolt + Brown Architects and artist Wendy Hardie





Photo: AotG
Photo: AotG
Photo: AotG


Continue reading “London 2012; Hackney Wick Station (rebuilt)”