Poll of the Month; April 2022

On a scale of 1 – 5 with 5 being the most positive, how would you rate the Beijing Olympic Winter Games?

You can find the poll here, or in the sidebar of the news page.


Results poll of the month February 2022;

Let us know which Beijing 2022 venue you like the most (multiple answers possible)

  • National Stadium (18%, 10 Votes)
  • Big Air Shougang (11%, 6 Votes)
  • National Aquatics Centre (11%, 6 Votes)
  • National Biathlon Centre (9%, 5 Votes)
  • National Cross-Country Centre (9%, 5 Votes)
  • National Alpine Skiing Centre (9%, 5 Votes)
  • Genting Snow Park (7%, 4 Votes)
  • National Ski Jumping Centre (5%, 3 Votes)
  • National Sliding Centre (5%, 3 Votes)
  • National Indoor Stadium (5%, 3 Votes)
  • National Speed Skating Oval (4%, 2 Votes)
  • Wukesong Sports Centre (4%, 2 Votes)
  • Capital Indoor Stadium (2%, 1 Votes)

Total Voters: 40

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Beijing 2022; Masterplan & Venues Paralympic Games



Venue list

ZoneVenue Ceremonies / Sports
BeijingNational StadiumOpening and Closing Ceremonies
National Aquatics CentreWheelchair Curling
National Indoor StadiumPara Ice Hockey
YanqingNational Alpine Skiing CentrePara Alpine Skiing
ZhangjiakouGenting Snow ParkPara Snowboard
National Biathlon CentrePara Biathlon, Para Cross-Country Skiing


Detailed venue information

Beijing 2022; Most popular / searched venues on this website



Detailed venue information

Beijing 2022; National Speed Skating Oval – Facts & Figures


  • Name: The National Speed Skating Oval or the ‘Ice Ribbon’
  • Project Type: Arena
  • Location: Beijing Olympic Park, Beijing, China
  • Client: Beijing State Asset Management Co. Ltd (BSAM)
  • Owner: Beijing National Speed Skating Oval Management Co., Ltd
  • Architect: Populous – APAC HQ Brisbane, Australia
  • Construction Commenced: Mid-2017
  • Project Completion: 2021
  • Site Area: 17 hectares
  • Gross Floor Area: ≤ 29,000 m2 above ground; 80,000 m2 excluding basement car park
  • Capacity: 12,000 (8,000 permanent and 4,000 temporary seats)


Design Elements

  • 22 light strands (or ribbons) flow up and around the oval
  • 8m height of the façade of the building
  • 12,000 square metres of ice surface area
  • 400m racing track comprising an artificial ice surface to world’s best standard
  • 2 additional underground levels accommodate venue servicing and parking
  • Many advanced technologies have been incorporated including a low-e ceiling installed for greater efficiency and higher ice quality


Key Consultants

  • Schematic Design: Populous (Architecture of facade, interior, landscape, signage, operation & legacy)
  • Design Development and Construction Documentation phases: LDI (Beijing Institute of Architecture Design)
  • Structural Engineering: Richard MacDonald
  • MEP, Ice Making, Green Building: Buro Happold
  • Contractor: Beijing Urban Construction Group Co., Ltd


Beijing 2022; Facts & Figures


  •  Dates;
    • 4-20 February 2022
    • 19 Competition days
  • Athletes;
    • 91 National Olympic Committees (see map above)
    • 2,892 athletes;
      • Male: 1,578 (54,56%)
      • Female: 1,314 (45,44%)
      • Most gender-balanced edition of the Olympic Winter Games to date
  • Venues
    • 3 competition zones;
      • Beijing
      • Yanqing
      • Zhangjiakou
    • 12 Competition venues
    • 1 Venue for the Opening en Closing Ceremonies
    • 3 Olympic Villages
    • 2 Medals Plazas;
      • Beijing
      • Zhangjiakou
  • Events
    • 7 Olympic winter sports;
      • Biathlon
      • Bobsleigh
      • Curling
      • Ice Hockey
      • Luge
      • Skating
      • Skiing
    • 109 events;
      • Men’s events: 51
      • Women’s events: 46
      • Mixed / open events: 12
    • 7 New events;
      • Women’s monobob bobsleigh
      • Big air freestyle skiing (women and men)
      • Mixed team short-track speed skating relay
      • Mixed team ski jumping
      • Mixed team freestyle skiing aerials
      • Mixed team snowboard cross


References: Beijing 2022 Facts & Figures (IOC)Official Programme of the Olympic Winter Games Beijing 2022 (IOC)Beijing 2022 Opening Ceremony Flag-Bearers

Beijing 2022; Exhibition: Urban Ergonomics From Steel Plant to Olympia to Public Good (Aedes Architecture Forum, Berlin)

Press release by Aedes Architecture Forum (Berlin, Germany):

Zhang Li / TeamMinus at Tsinghua University Beijing
Urban Ergonomics
From Steel Plant to Olympia to Public Good


Big Air Shougang at Shougang Industrial Park, Beijing © Bu Lei


Exhibition: 22 January 2022 – 10 March 2022
Opening: 21 January 2022, 6.30pm, Information to follow via newsletter
Location: Aedes Architecture Forum, Christinenstr. 18–19, 10119 Berlin
Opening hours: Tue–Fri 11am – 6.30pm, Sun–Mon 1–5pm, Sat, 22 Jan 2022, 1–5pm

In February 2022, China will host the XXIV Winter Olympic Games. The various sports events will be held in three locations; Beijing, Yanqing and Zhangjiakou. In Beijing, the games largely take place in the existing sports facilities built for the Summer Olympics in 2008. The only new project is the Big Air Shougang slope for freestyle skiing and snowboarding in Shougang Industrial Park designed by Brian Li Zhang’s design office TeamMinus at Tsinghua University in Beijing. Big Air Shougang is located at the once largest steel plants in the region. The Olympic Games will be used to sustainably transform the gigantic industrial relics for new uses. The exhibition focuses on the jumping track for the Big Air Shougang and encourages visitors to communicate ergonomically with the building through an interactive game. The office’s approach is presented in three other projects, where space for movement decisively shapes the architecture. The Jianamani Visitor Centre in Qinghai province, the underground cultural centre in the Piazza and Art Space Gujiaying Village in Yanqing and the Aranya Ideas Camp and Community Centre in Qinhuangdao. TeamMinus received the IUPA International Urban Project Award 2021 by Bauwelt, Berlin and WA World Architecture, Beijing for the Big Air Shouguang transformation project, while the Jianamani Visitor Centre received the Zumtobel Group Award – Innovations for Sustainability and Humanity in the Built Environment back in 2017.

The transformation of the Shougang Industrial Park
Inspired by the depiction of the Buddhist Apsaras in Dunhuang – female figures comparable to the nymphs of Greek and Roman mythology – the architects designed the Big Air Shougang complex with elegant curves on the edge of Qunming Lake, formerly used for cooling water, next to the preserved cooling towers of the steel production. The depicted flying Apsaras with waving scarfs form an analogy to the elegant flights of the competing athletes. The industrial remains form a spectacular scenery together with newly designed open spaces, that connect a park landscape with a river close by. With this scenery in the background, the location will stay open to the public after the Olympic Games. Besides the new freestanding ski jump, TeamMinus renovated the former Oxygen Factory, which will be used directly for the Games and later made available to start-ups along with other structures. The transformation of the formerly gigantic steel factory into a park landscape with jobs for a sustainable economy shows the ambitions associated with this project.

The Exhibition
The exhibition focuses on the Big Air Shougang ski jump and playfully encourages visitors to recreate and optimise the optimal ergonomics of the athletes. At two launch sites, visitors can put themselves in the position of the athletes with the help of templates and practice the best posture for elegant turns and jumps. The playful approach to an architectural concept illustrates the training of the athletes. After all, the ski jump can only be used with the optimal body posture, so people have to communicate ergonomically with the building. This interactive element is supplemented by a composition of plans and illustrations on Big Air Shougang as well as three other projects by TeamMinus.

The Projects
To illustrate the architectural approach of TeamMinus, the exhibition presents three other reference-projects where movement plays an important role. What all three buildings have in common with the Big Air Shougang facility for the Olympics is that a playful ‘space for movement’ decisively shapes the architecture:

The Jianamani Visitor Centre in Qinghai Province is a cultural centre for the local Tibetan population and visitors, providing access to the significant historical and religious sites of the local culture from the publicly accessible roof platform.

The underground cultural centre in the Piazza and Art Space Gujiaying Village in Yanqing (where parts of the Winter Olympics will also be held), was built in 2019 for the Beijing International Horticultural Exhibition. The roof is a ground-level public space whose corners are bent up to provide natural light to the cultural centre below. With a curved, suspended ramp, Zhang Li and his team lead users and visitors inside, echoing the movement of the curved roof surfaces.

The Aranya Ideas Camp and Community Centre in Qinhuangdao on the coast of Shandong province connects elongated ramps across the roof to interior spaces. Run by a private educational institution, it offers summer and winter courses where children learn new aspects of culture, their craft skills and social skills with close contact to nature.

The Architecture Studio
Zhang Li, architect and the current Dean of the School of Architecture of Tsinghua University, founded atelier TeamMinus in 2001, today being both a full-fledge firm and incorporation to Architectural Design and Research Institute of Tsinghua University with more than 50 team members.
Zhang Li is the initiator and main promoter of the new interdisciplinary field of ‘urban ergonomics’, which integrates architecture and ergonomics and pays attention to the positive interactive relationship between human body and space in order to gain high-quality urbanization. Besides their achievements for the Olympics, TeamMinus played an important role in the reconstruction after the Yushu earthquake, the Shanghai World Expo and other major national construction projects.

More information: www.aedes-arc.de

Speaking at the opening
Dr. h.c. Kristin Feireiss Aedes, Berlin
Dr. Eduard Kögel Urban Planner, Berlin
Boris Schade-Bünsow Editor-in-Chief Bauwelt, Berlin