A short history on one of the icons in stadium architecture; Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow.
From its opening in 1956 the Central Lenin Stadium was the national stadium of the Soviet Union. In 1992, the stadium was renamed the Luzhniki Stadium and became the national stadium of Russia. In the past 60 years Luzhniki has hosted many major sporting events including the 1980 Summer Olympics. In the next two years the stadium is reconstructed for the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia.
During the 1980 Summer Olympics, the Central Lenin Stadium was the main venue which hosted the Opening and Closing Ceremonies, Athletics, Football finals, and the Individual Jumping Grand Prix. The stadium had at that time a spectator capacity of 103.000.
Renovation I (1996)
In 1996 a roof was constructed over the stands and the capacity was reduced to 78.000 seats after the refurbishment of the seating areas.
In the two decades that followed the Luzhniki Stadium hosted sporting events like the World Youth Games, Champions League final (Manchester United vs Chelsea), Rugby World Cup (Sevens) and the IAAF World Championships. Artists that have performed in the stadium include U2, Michael Jackson, Madonna, The Rolling Stones and Metallica.
Renovation II (2014-2017)
With the age came its decay. The Luzhniki Stadium is currently being renovated in preparation for the 2018 FIFA World Cup. At least the opening match, one semi-final and the final will be played in this stadium during the World Cup. (the competition schedule has not been released yet) As 20 years ago the constructions works concentrate around the roof and seating areas. The capacity will increase with 3.000 seats to 81.000. This second reconstruction is expected to cost more than $540 million. (19 billion rubles)
In 2017, six decades after its opening and after two extensive renovations the Luzhniki Stadium will start a third life as Moscow’s main venue for large sporting and cultural events.